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A good oranda, conforming to the standard, is very rare; the standard formerly
called for a forked tail but has been revised to the square-edged tail of the
moor and the veiltail. Far Eastern imports have a deeply-forked, thin-lobed
tail and frequently have excellent hood development, self-coloured reds having
good colour depth. Retaining good colouration and hood growth whilst breeding
for the broad tail remains a challenge.
The oranda was for long the only goldfish variety equally fancied by both Western
and Far Eastern enthusiasts.
In the Far East, fish with the rasberry-like growth
covering the entire head are known as tigerheads, whilst the name oranda is
reserved for fish with a prominent growth on the top of the head (cranial region)
only, giving the appearance of a hood, and with less well developed growths
on the cheeks and gills (infra-orbital and opercular regions). In the West, the redcap oranda is now regarded as a separate variety.
In Japan, the calico oranda is called the azumanishiki.
Red cap orandas first appeared around 1590, and tigerheads in 1893.
The oranda standard is as follows:
- Depth of body to be approximately 65% of body length.
- Caudal fin to be divided, well spread held below the horizontal with the trailing edge having no apparent fork or pointed lobes. The minimum length of the caudal fin should ideally be 75% of body length.
- Dorsal fin to be single, all other fins to be paired and their extremities having a pointed appearance.
- Hood to be well developed.
- Minimum length of body to be 5.5 cm (2¼ inches)
- Forked tailed fish are allowable but may be downpointed.
- Fantailed type fish, i.e. fish whose caudal fin is held high, will be disqualified.
The fish should be bright and alert. The body should be short and rounded with a smooth outline.The dorsal fin should be carried high and erect, with the caudal fin well divided and flowing gracefully. The hood should be well developed in all three areas, i.e. cranial, infra-orbital and opercular (see "Finnage and body plan" on our goldfish information page).
Metallic fish may be self-coloured (red, orange, yellow, blue, brown or black) or variegated (any combination of red, orange, yellow, blue, brown, black and white) in a pleasing pattern similar on each side. Quality fish will have high colour intensity and metallic shine extending into the fins.
Calico fish should have a blue background with patches of violet, red, orange, yellow, brown and white, spotted with black. Quality fish should have a high intensity of colour evenly distributed over the body, with colour, especially black, extending into the fins
Ideal profiles are illustrated below:
Mature adults, red metallic
Red orandas: the fish on the right is closer to the standard, possessing longer, more veiltail-like finnage; the fish on the left is nonetheless well developed towards the Western standard. Contrast with the Chinese orandas (follow the link on the left), which have typical Far-Eastern finnage and larger hoods. Shown at BAS 2004 (left) and 2006 (right).
Shown at BAS 2002, this is a fine adult oranda.
Very fine oranda, winner of Best in Show at GSGB 2005.
Young adult red metallic oranda
Exhibited at BAS 2000; it is common for the veiltailed goldfish varieties to
show loss of colour in the fin extremities, and, whilst these fish remain very
attractive, it is a challenge to produce entirely self-coloured fish.
© Bristol Aquarists' Society